KCAP Financial, Inc. ("KCAP" or the "Company") is an internally managed, non-diversified closed-end investment company that is regulated as a business development company ("BDC") under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the "1940 Act").
We have three principal areas of investment:
First, we originate, structure, and invest in senior secured term loans and mezzanine debt primarily in privately-held middle market companies (the "Debt Securities Portfolio"). In addition, from time to time we may invest in the equity securities of privately held middle market companies.
Second, we have invested in asset management companies (Katonah Debt Advisors, L.L.C., collectively the "Asset Manager Affiliates") which manage collateralized loan obligations ("CLOs").
Third, we invest in debt and subordinated securities issued by CLOs ("CLO Fund Securities"). These CLO Fund Securities are primarily managed by our Asset Manager Affiliates, but from time-to-time we make investments in CLO Fund Securities managed by other asset managers. The CLOs typically invest in broadly syndicated loans, high-yield bonds and other credit instruments.
The Company may also invest in other investments such as loans to larger, publicly-traded companies, high-yield bonds and distressed debt securities. The Company may also receive warrants or options to purchase common stock in connection with its debt investments.
OUR DEBT SECURITIES PORTFOLIO
In our Debt Securities Portfolio, our investment objective is to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation from the investments made in senior secured term loans, mezzanine debt and selected equity investments in privately-held middle market companies. We define the middle market as comprising companies with earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") of $10 million to $50 million and/or total debt of $25 million to $150 million.
We primarily invest in first and second lien term loans which, because of their priority in a company's capital structure, we expect will have lower default rates and higher rates of recovery of principal if there is a default and therefore we expect them to generate a stable stream of interest income. We also invest in mezzanine debt, which generally is subordinated to senior loans and is generally unsecured. While our primary investment focus is making loans to, and selected equity investments in, privately-held middle market companies, we may also invest in other investments such as loans to larger, publicly-traded companies, high-yield bonds and distressed debt securities. We may also receive warrants or options to purchase common stock in connection with our debt investments.
OUR ASSET MANAGER AFFILIATES
With respect to our Asset Manager Affiliates investment, we expect to receive recurring dividend distributions and to generate capital appreciation through the addition of new CLO Funds managed by our Asset Manager Affiliates. The Asset Manager Affiliates manage CLO Funds that invest in broadly syndicated loans, high-yield bonds and other credit instruments. The Asset Manager Affiliates are registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, and are managed independently from the Company by a separate portfolio management team.
OUR CLO FUND SECURITIES INVESTMENTS
Our investments in CLO Fund Securities, which are primarily made up of a minority investment in the subordinated securities or preferred stock of CLO Funds raised and managed by our Asset Manager Affiliates, are anticipated to provide the Company with recurring cash distributions and complement the growth of our Asset Manager Affiliates.
Because we are internally managed by our executive officers under the supervision of our Board of Directors and do not depend on a third party investment advisor, we do not pay investment advisory fees, but instead incur the operating costs associated with employing investment and portfolio management professionals. We believe that our internally managed structure provides us with a beneficial operating expense structure when compared to other publicly-traded and privately-held investment firms which are externally managed, and our internally managed structure allows us the opportunity to leverage our non-interest operating expenses as we grow our investment portfolio.